Cephalohematoma means a bruise of the skull. Occasionally, a difficult delivery or an early trauma causes bruising and bleeding in a specific site of the skull. This may become infiltrated by calcium and produce a prominence.
Most cephalohematomas do not require treatment; however, when they are especially large and disfiguring, the neurosurgeon, occasionally working with the craniofacial plastic surgeon, will recontour the skull. This is relatively simple to do.